Multiple Myeloma – Why Do People Beat the Average Myeloma Life Expectancy Prognosis? Or How To Improve Your Mulitple Myeloma Survival Rate!

I published on this subject more than a year ago, and it has been very helpful to many in the myeloma patient community. I have provided some updates and hope that it helps to assist you in your myeloma journey. 

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The SEER(Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results) data for multiple myeloma has been published in 2013 by the National Cancer Institute, and the average life expectancy remains at 4 years for the third year in a row.  However, some people beat the odds and live 10 to 20 years or more.  When I was first diagnosed, the data for a person with dialysis-dependent kidney failure was just 3 months, and the overall average was 3 years. Now I am a 7 year and 10 month survivor, so I have beaten the average life expectancy prognosis at the time, and this was with what was called a negative prognostic indicator (kidney failure).   So I believe you can break into two parts a patient’s ability to beat the odds.  Part one is disease dependent, or what was the hand that you were dealt.  Part two is related to the level of care that is available to you.  For more information on survival rates and life expectancy CLICK HERE.

Part 1 – Disease Dependent

Some people are just plain lucky and are given a form of myeloma that is not that aggressive.  In other words they have myeloma, but it happens to be smoldering myeloma.  This form of the disease can be present in the patient but not show any outward symptoms.  It can remain in this mode for 5, 10, or even 20 years.

The age of the patient is very important, in that you are 2 times more likely to survive if you were diagnosed at 49 years of age or less.  The average age of  the typical myeloma patient is 70.  You can read more on this subject if you CLICK HERE

Some people may have an active disease but do not have any of the negative prognostic indicators.  These include, but are not limited to, deletion of chromosome 17p and  translocation of  4;14 or 14;16 or 14;20.  Your myeloma specialist will run the FISH test or other genetic tests to determine if you have any of these negative prognostic indicators.  If you are considered high risk, the life expectancy is just half of the current average, or just 2 years.  You can read more about high risk multiple myeloma if you CLICK HERE

The sensitivity of the disease to treatment is also important.  My myeloma seemed to be very sensitive to the combination of Cytoxan, Thalamid and Dexamethasone and put me into remission very quickly.  Some people might have the same experience with Revlimid, Velcade, or Dex, or any combination of these drugs.  If the disease comes back, as it often does, the re-application of the same regimen may continue to work for years.  I know one patient who has taken Thalomid for years as his only treatment and remains in remission.  This is working well for him.

And of course if the average is 4 years, half of the people will invariably beat the average. 

I am sure there are other disease factors, however, what I will discuss now is the part of disease control that you may or may not  have more control over. 

Part 2  –  Quality of Care

There are some elements that you may or may not have much control over, the first of which is the availability of insurance.  If you do not have insurance or have no access to care, the average life expectancy is less than one year.  However, Medicare has a Compassionate Allowance Program where you can be approved in less than two weeks if you go to your local office and can show that you will not live without care.    To see the program CLICK HERE.  The Affordable Care Act may provide an option for the 15% who are not insured, and Medicare, Medicaid, and drug company assistance programs are also available. In addition, there are  other programs which can provide assistance  listed on the bottom of the home page, to view CLICK HERE. Unfortunately without care, like people who need dialysis (which is always covered by Medicare), you will have below average life expectancy.  


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An Experienced Myeloma Specialist SAVES LIFE! MAYBE YOURS!

Multiple Myeloma is a rare blood cancer, so many hematologist/oncologists may not see one patient in a year.  As a result not all oncologists or hematologists are the same. However, some are very skilled and experienced with Multiple Myeloma and have treated many myeloma patients. The data shows these myeloma specialists provide an average life expectancy of 10 years or more, while the average remains stagnant at 4 years. For a listing of these exceptional specialists CLICK HERE or for a more extensive list without survival history just CLICK HERE. And obviously, if your myeloma specialist has an average patient life expectancy of 10 years, their patients will beat the average by more than twice the average.  This is what I did when I chose to get my SCT(stem cell transplants) at University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, UAMS, which has a myeloma program called MIRT, Myeloma Institute of Research and Therapy.  At the time they had over 10,000 transplants under their belt, and as a result they were expert at the process, and knew what could go wrong and had a plan in place to get you through any potential complications.   I have found from my work on this site that centers like Mayo, Dr. Hari(Medical College of Wisconsin),  UAMS, or Dr. Berenson’s (IMBCR) have very different approaches to treatment, but because they are expert in what they do, they have similar results.   A brain surgeon  is who you would choose over any other surgeon if you had a brain tumor, why would you not do the same for myeloma? Find out how to find a myeloma specialist by CLICKING HERE or CLICKING HERE

Myeloma specialists have access to drugs that other oncologists do not.  Because they are the thought leaders, they are involved in clinical trials, and can obtain some drugs through other programs that lesser known oncologists do not have access to. Worse yet, oncologists who are not myeloma specialists may not even know that some of these drugs even exist.  For example, some of the well connected specialists have access to unapproved drugs like Daratumumab or Ixazomib through special programs.  Or some specialists can use drugs that are only approved for relapse or secondary therapy options (Krypolis and Pomalyst), and obtain approval to use them for newly diagnosed patients.   They also have access to the best clinical trials like VRD for first line therapy which provides a response in 100 percent of patients.    When you run out of options with the currently approved drugs, they can provide access to those that have done great in clinical trial, but are not currently available to the general public. Because you need a significant infrastructure to conduct clinical trials at your facility and they cost the facility $15,000 per patient, few local oncologists have access to clinical trials.  Sometimes it is who you know! 

Myeloma patients seldom die from myeloma, they die from the complications from myeloma.    The number one complication is pneumonia, and others include infections, kidney failure, anemia, etc.  This, therefore, brings me to the realization that supportive care for the treatment of the many complications of this disease may just be as important as the cancer treatment itself.  Or a great Defense(supportive care) is as important as the Offense(cancer therapy).   MD Anderson and Mayo Clinic emphasize supportive care in their programs, UAMS actually has a Director of Supportive Care in their myeloma program, and Dr. Elias Anaissie, the Director of the Myeloma Program at the University of Cincinnati Cancer Center, has an extensive background in supportive care.  Dr. Anaissie has published a well written example of an exceptional supportive care model. You can read this publication if you CLICK HERE. To read my blog post on supportive care CLICK HERE.

I also think the quality of care that you receive can also be affected by the knowledge of the patient, and this can be obtained by doing your research on finding the best approaches to care by looking at the work of the best myeloma specialists on-line, and by going to great sites as listed in the Resource Section of www.myelomasurvival.com. To find out how to get educated about multiple myeloma  CLICK HERE.  In addition,  joining a support group of the International Myeloma Foundation or the LLS (Leukemia, Lymphoma, and Myeloma Society) will provide more great information to improve your life expectancy.  I have found that the average life expectancy of most of these support groups far out-performs the average. Knowledge is power!  Additional information on the benefits of support group membership can be found at if you CLICK HERE

There are 80,000 multiple myeloma patients in the USA, and if we can move the average from 4 years to 10 years of life expectancy with the myeloma specialists, we could save 80,000 times 6, or 480,000 years of LIFE.  Many times more if we include the entire world.  You all can help by getting this message out to the myeloma patient community though Facebook and Twitter.  Everyone knows someone who has myeloma or  may have a friend or family member that can be helped by this information.  With your help we can “SAVE LIFE”!

Good luck and God Bless your Myeloma Journey/ editor@myelomasurvival.com

For more information on multiple myeloma CLICK HERE and you can follow me on twitter at: https://twitter.com/grpetersen1